Evaluation of a Self-Instructional CPR Program for Parents With Children Enrolled in Community Swim Lessons

J Pediatr Health Care. 2017 May-Jun;31(3):314-319. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2016.09.006. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Abstract

Introduction: This project evaluated an evidence-based self-instructional program aimed at improving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and confidence in parents with children in swim lessons.

Method: A prospective, repeated-measures design evaluated the CPR Anytime Child program. Twenty-nine parents completed questionnaires before, immediately after, and 1 month after the program.

Results: Knowledge and confidence scores improved significantly over time. Compared with a baseline knowledge mean score of 47.3%, mean score immediately after the program was 93.5% (t = -12.176, p < .01) and at 1 month was 80.9% (t = -8.459, p < .01). Confidence in determining CPR need increased from a baseline of 2.52 to 3.18 points immediately after the program (t = -2.88, p = .013) and 3.20 at 1 month (t = 4.759, p < .01). Confidence in performing CPR increased from a baseline of 2.14 to 3.18 immediately after the program (t = 4.759, p < .01) and 2.73 at 1 month (t = -2.88, p = .013).

Discussion: The CPR Anytime Child program had a significant sustained effect on improving knowledge and confidence in parents of children in swim lessons. The simplicity of this program makes it replicable and sustainable in this setting.

Keywords: CPR Anytime Child; Confidence; knowledge; parents; self-instruction; swim lessons.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / education*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drowning / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents / education*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Programmed Instructions as Topic
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Swimming / education*
  • Swimming Pools