Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2016;2016:4073618.
doi: 10.1155/2016/4073618. Epub 2016 Sep 28.

Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training on Body Composition and Blood Glucose in Overweight and Obese Young Women

Free PMC article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Short-Term High-Intensity Interval Training on Body Composition and Blood Glucose in Overweight and Obese Young Women

Zhaowei Kong et al. J Diabetes Res. .
Free PMC article


This study was to determine the effects of five-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, blood glucose, and relevant systemic hormones when compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in overweight and obese young women. Methods. Eighteen subjects completed 20 sessions of HIIT or MICT for five weeks. HIIT involved 60 × 8 s cycling at ~90% of peak oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]) interspersed with 12 s recovery, whereas MICT involved 40-minute continuous cycling at 65% of [Formula: see text]. [Formula: see text], body composition, blood glucose, and fasting serum hormones, including leptin, growth hormone, testosterone, cortisol, and fibroblast growth factor 21, were measured before and after training. Results. Both exercise groups achieved significant improvements in [Formula: see text] (+7.9% in HIIT versus +11.7% in MICT) and peak power output (+13.8% in HIIT versus +21.9% in MICT) despite no training effects on body composition or the relevant systemic hormones. Blood glucose tended to be decreased after the intervention (p = 0.062). The rating of perceived exertion in MICT was higher than that in HIIT (p = 0.042). Conclusion. Compared with MICT, short-term HIIT is more time-efficient and is perceived as being easier for improving cardiorespiratory fitness and fasting blood glucose for overweight and obese young women.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Flow of participants through the intervention of the study.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 10 articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. Pate R. R., Pratt M., Blair S. N., et al. Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1995;273(5):402–407. doi: 10.1001/jama.1995.03520290054029. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Trost S. G., Owen N., Bauman A. E., Sallis J. F., Brown W. Correlates of adults' participation in physical activity: review and update. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2002;34(12):1996–2001. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200212000-00020. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Weston M., Taylor K. L., Batterham A. M., Hopkins W. G. Effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) on fitness in adults: a meta-analysis of controlled and non-controlled trials. Sports Medicine. 2014;44(7):1005–1017. doi: 10.1007/s40279-014-0180-z. - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Gibala M. J., Gillen J. B., Percival M. E. Physiological and health-related adaptations to low-volume interval training: influences of nutrition and sex. Sports Medicine. 2014;44(supplement 2):S127–S137. doi: 10.1007/s40279-014-0259-6. - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Trapp E. G., Chisholm D. J., Freund J., Boutcher S. H. The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women. International Journal of Obesity. 2008;32(4):684–691. doi: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803781. - DOI - PubMed

Publication types

MeSH terms