Behcet disease (BD) is a chronic systemic vasculitis and considered as an autoimmune disease. Although rare, BD can be fatal due to ruptured vascular aneurysms or severe neurological complications. To date, no known biomarker has been reported for this disease, making it difficult to diagnosis in the clinics. To undertake this challenge, we employed the HuProt arrays, each comprised of ∼20,000 unique human proteins, to identify BD-specific autoantibodies using a Two-Phase strategy established previously. In Phase I, we profiled the autoimmunity on the HuProt arrays with 75 serum samples collected from 40 BD patients, 15 diagnosed autoimmune patients who suffer from Takayasu arteritis (TA; n = 5)), ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV; n = 5), and Sjogren's syndrome (SS; n = 5), and 20 healthy subjects, and identified 20 candidate autoantigens that were significantly associated with BD. To validate these candidates, in Phase II we constructed a focused array with these 20 candidate BD-associated antigens, and use it to profile a much larger cohort, comprised of serum samples collected from 130 BD patients, 103 autoimmune patients (i.e. 40TA, 40 AAV and 23 SS), and 110 healthy controls. This allowed us to validate CTDP1 (RNA polymerase II subunit A C-terminal domain phosphatase)as a BD-specific autoantigen. The association of anti-CTDP1 with BD patients was further validated using the traditional Western blotting analysis. In conclusion, anti-CTDP1 antibody serves a novel autoantibody for Behcet disease and is expected to help more accurate clinical diagnosis.
© 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.