Structure of the cDNA encoding transcobalamin I, a neutrophil granule protein

J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 25;264(27):15754-7.


Transcobalamin I (TCI) is a member of the R binder family of vitamin B12 binding proteins. It is a major protein constituent of secondary granules in neutrophils. We have isolated and characterized full length cDNA clones encoding TCI in order to determine whether its expression is coordinately regulated with the appearance of secondary granules and whether it is consequently a useful marker of granulocyte development. Partial amino acid sequences of human R protein were obtained from tryptic digestion fragments. Using the polymerase chain reaction, a partial TCI cDNA probe was isolated by selective amplification of a region of cDNA located between two oligonucleotides deduced from the available partial amino acid sequences. The amplified probe was then used to obtain full length clones from a granulocyte cDNA library. Identity of the clones was confirmed by matching DNA sequence to known peptide amino acid sequence. TCI is transcribed to a single 1.5-kilobase mRNA species. The predicted protein sequence is 433 amino acids long. We have compared the sequence of TCI to that of rat intrinsic factor. The two proteins have areas of extensive homology which implicate regions potentially important for vitamin B12 binding. TCI mRNA was present in late neutrophil precursors but absent from uninduced and induced HL60 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • DNA / blood
  • DNA / genetics*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Amplification
  • Genes
  • Granulocytes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Intrinsic Factor / genetics
  • Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / blood
  • Milk, Human / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcobalamins / genetics*
  • Transcobalamins / isolation & purification


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Transcobalamins
  • DNA
  • Intrinsic Factor

Associated data

  • GENBANK/J05068