Background: Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a genetic disorder caused by nucleotide repeats expansion. Sudden death represents the main cause of mortality in DM patients. Here, we investigated the relationship between serum cardiac biomarkers with clinical parameters in DM patients.
Methods: Case-control study included 59 DM patients and 22 healthy controls. An additional group of 62 controls with similar cardiac defects to DM were enrolled.
Results: NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT and CK levels were significantly increased in DM patients compared to healthy subjects (p=0.0008, p<0.0001, p<0.0001). Also, hs-cTnT levels were significantly higher in DM compared to control group with cardiac defects (p=0.0003). Positive correlation was found between hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI in both DM patients and controls (p=0.019, p=0.002). Independently from the age, the risk of DM disease was positively related to an increase in hs-cTnT (p=0.03). On the contrary, the risk of DM was not related to hs-cTnI, but was evidenced a role of PR interval (p=0.03) and CK (p=0.08).
Conclusions: The levels of hs-cTnT were significantly higher in DM patients. Analysis, with anti-cTnT, shows that this increase might be linked to heart problems. This last finding suggests that hs-cTnT might represent a helpful serum biomarker to "predict" cardiac risk in DM disease.
Keywords: Cardiac involvement; Myotonic dystrophy; hs-cTnI; hs-cTnT.
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