Introduction: Episodic muscle weakness is the hallmark of a heterogeneous group of disorders known as periodic paralysis. A majority are due to single nucleotide mutations causing membrane depolarization.
Methods: We report 2 family members with chronic, slowly progressive, distal axonal neuropathy, or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2) and episodic weakness resembling periodic paralysis.
Results: Next generation sequencing (NGS) identified a mitochondrial MT-ATP6 mutation m.9185T>C (p.Leu220Pro) in both patients, consistent with a previous report of an association with this phenotype. The episodic weakness has been responsive to acetazolamide therapy for a few decades. By contrast, the underlying axonal neuropathy is quite progressive despite treatment with acetazolamide.
Conclusions: Mitochondrial DNA mutations should be considered in patients with a history of episodic weakness and axonal inherited neuropathy (CMT2). The episodic weakness is responsive to acetazolamide therapy, and electrophysiological testing for periodic paralysis with a long exercise protocol is negative in these cases. Muscle Nerve 55: 922-927, 2017.
Keywords: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease; episodic weakness; inherited neuropathy; mitochondrial ATPase; periodic paralysis.
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.