Development of Quality Indicators to Address Abuse and Neglect in Home-Based Primary Care and Palliative Care

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Dec;64(12):2577-2584. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14365. Epub 2016 Oct 27.


Objectives: To develop candidate quality indicators (QIs) for the quality standard of "addressing abuse and neglect" in the setting of home-based medical care.

Design: Systematic literature review of both the peer-reviewed and gray literature.

Setting: Home-based primary and palliative care practices.

Participants: Homebound community-dwelling older adults.

Measurements: Articles were identified to inform the development of candidate indicators of the quality by which home-based primary and palliative care practices addressed abuse and neglect. The literature guided the development of patient-level QIs and practice-level quality standards. A technical expert panel (TEP) representing exemplary home-based primary care and palliative care providers then participated in a modified Delphi process to assess the validity and feasibility of each measure and identify candidate QIs suitable for testing in the field.

Results: The literature review yielded 4,371 titles and abstracts that were reviewed; 25 publications met final inclusion criteria and informed development of nine candidate QIs. The TEP rated all but one of the nine candidate indicators as having high validity and feasibility.

Conclusion: Translating the complex problem of addressing abuse and neglect into QIs may ultimately serve to improve care delivered to vulnerable home-limited adults who receive home-based medical care.

Keywords: abuse; home-based palliative care; home-based primary care; neglect; quality indicators.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Delphi Technique
  • Elder Abuse / diagnosis*
  • Home Care Services / standards*
  • Homebound Persons
  • Humans
  • Palliative Care / standards*
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care*