N,N-Disubstituted benzylamine derivatives have been identified as CXCR3 antagonists. Compounds were optimized to improve affinity and selectivity, to increase metabolic stability in human and mouse liver microsomes, to increase Caco-2 permeability. Optimization was supported by monitoring physico-chemical properties using both experimental and computational means. Several compounds with double-digit nanomolar CXCR3 affinity, favorable selectivity, microsomal stability, Caco-2 permeability and human hepatocyte clearance have been identified.
Keywords: CXCR3 antagonist; Caco-2 permeability; Chemokine receptor; Inflammatory disease; Microsomal stability.
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