Data Resource Profile: Cross-national and cross-study sociodemographic and health-related harmonized domains from SAGE plus ELSA, HRS and SHARE (SAGE+, Wave 1)

Int J Epidemiol. 2016 Oct;45(5):1403-1403j. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw181. Epub 2016 Oct 29.


Four longitudinal studies were included in this rigorous harmonization process: the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE); English Longitudinal Study on Ageing (ELSA); US Health and Retirement Study (HRS); and Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). An ex-post harmonized process was applied to nine health-related thematic domains (socio-demographic and economic, health states, overall self-report of health and mental state, health examinations, physical and mental performance tests, risk factors, chronic conditions, social network and subjective well-being) for data from the 2004 wave of each study. Large samples of adults aged 50 years and older were available from each study: SAGE, n = 18 886; ELSA, n = 9181; HRS, n = 19 303; and SHARE, n = 29 917. The microdata, along with further details about the harmonization process and all metadata, are available through the World Health Organization (WHO) data archive at []. Further information and enquiries can be made to [] or the corresponding author. The data resource will continue to be updated with data across additional waves of these surveys and new waves.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging*
  • Data Accuracy
  • Databases as Topic
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Health Surveys*
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report
  • Social Networking*
  • World Health Organization