Most preschool children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had orbital complications, more common in the youngest and among boys

Acta Paediatr. 2017 Feb;106(2):268-273. doi: 10.1111/apa.13650. Epub 2016 Nov 24.

Abstract

Aim: This study established the incidence of acute rhinosinusitis and related orbital complications in tertiary care in Stockholm County and surveyed the clinical outcomes.

Methods: This was a population-based, retrospective, observational study, from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2007, of the hospital admissions records of 213 children up to five years old, with a diagnosis of sinusitis and related complications.

Results: Preseptal cellulitis was present in 171 of the 213 admissions, which equated to an incidence of orbital complications due to acute rhinosinusitis of 36 per 100 000 people per year (95% confidence interval 26-49). Postseptal complications occurred in seven cases. The incidence rate ratio for hospitalisation of children less than two years old with rhinosinusitis compared with children aged 2-5 years was 2.8 (95% confidence interval 1.8-4.4). The incidence among boys was 53 per 100 000 people per year and 36 per 100 000 people per year for girls, and the incidence rate ratio was 1.5 (95% confidence interval 1.0-2.3). The most common bacterial finding was Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Conclusion: Most children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had an orbital complication, and this was more common in children under the age of two years and boys. Severe postseptal complications were rare.

Keywords: Hospitalisation; Orbital complications; Preschool children; Preseptal cellulitis; Sinusitis.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Orbital Diseases / drug therapy
  • Orbital Diseases / epidemiology
  • Orbital Diseases / etiology*
  • Orbital Diseases / microbiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rhinitis / complications*
  • Rhinitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Rhinitis / drug therapy
  • Rhinitis / microbiology
  • Sinusitis / complications*
  • Sinusitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy
  • Sinusitis / microbiology
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents