Background: The creation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may retard chronic kidney disease progression in the general population. Conversely, the impact of AVF closure on renal function in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) remains unknown.
Methods: From 2007 to 2013, we retrospectively categorized 285 KTRs into three groups: no AVF (Group 0, n = 90), closed AVF (Group 1, n = 114) and left-open AVF (Group 2, n = 81). AVF closure occurred at 653 ± 441 days after kidney transplantation (KTx), with a thrombosis:ligation ratio of 19:95. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was determined using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Linear mixed models calculated the slope and intercept of eGFR decline versus time, starting at 3 months post-KTx, with a median follow-up of 1807 days (95% confidence interval 1665-2028).
Results: The eGFR slope was less in Group 1 (-0.081 mL/min/month) compared with Group 0 (-0.183 mL/min/month; P = 0.03) or Group 2 (-0.164 mL/min/month; P = 0.09). Still, the eGFR slope significantly deteriorated after (-0.159 mL/min/month) versus before (0.038 mL/min/month) AVF closure (P = 0.03). Study periods before versus after AVF closure were balanced to a mean of 13.5 and 12.5 months, respectively, with at least 10 observations per patient ( n = 99).
Conclusions: In conclusion, a significant acceleration of eGFR decline is observed over the 12 months following the closure of a functioning AVF in KTRs.
Keywords: GFR; MDRD; arteriovenous fistula; graft function; kidney transplantation.
© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.