Background & methods: Capecitabine and temozolomide chemotherapy was used in 65 patients with grade 1/2 neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). 46 patients (70.8%) had pancreatic NETs (pNETs).
Results: Response rate was 47.7%, with two complete responses (3.1%), 29 partial responses (44.6%) and 27 patients (41.5%) achieved stable disease. Median progression-free survival was 16.1 months (95% CI: 10.7-21.6) and overall survival was 38.3 months (95% CI: 24.6-51.9). Differences in progression-free survival and overall survival between pNETs and non-pNETs were not found. Nine (13.8%) patients experienced grade 3/4 toxicities, mainly thrombocytopenia (10.8%) and neutropenia (7.7%).
Conclusion: This is the largest reported series of NETs treated with capecitabine and temozolomide in daily practice and shows that this combination is a promising treatment option for both grade 1/2 pNETs and non-pNETs.
Keywords: capecitabine; carcinoids; neuroendocrine tumors; pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; retrospective study; temozolomide.