Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance Consensus Clinical Treatment Plans for Juvenile Dermatomyositis with Persistent Skin Rash

J Rheumatol. 2017 Jan;44(1):110-116. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.160688. Epub 2016 Nov 1.


Objective: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common form of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy in children. While outcomes are generally thought to be good, persistence of skin rash is a common problem. The goal of this study was to describe the development of clinical treatment plans (CTP) for children with JDM characterized by persistent skin rash despite complete resolution of muscle involvement.

Methods: The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance, a North American consortium of pediatric rheumatologists and other healthcare providers, used a combination of Delphi surveys and nominal group consensus meetings to develop CTP that reflected consensus on typical treatments for patients with JDM with persistent skin rash.

Results: Consensus was reached on patient characteristics and outcome assessment. Patients should have previously received corticosteroids and methotrexate (MTX). Three consensus treatment plans were developed. Plan A added intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) if it was not already being used. Plan B added mycophenolate mofetil, while Plan C added cyclosporine. Continuation of previous treatments, including corticosteroids, MTX, and IVIG, was permitted in plans B and C.

Conclusion: Three consensus CTP were developed for use in children with JDM and persistent skin rash despite complete resolution of muscle disease. These CTP reflect typical treatment approaches and are not to be considered treatment recommendations or standard of care. Using prospective data collection and statistical methods to account for nonrandom treatment assignment, it is expected that these CTP will be used to allow treatment comparisons, and ultimately determine the best treatment for these patients.


Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Dermatomyositis / drug therapy*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Exanthema / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / therapeutic use
  • Methotrexate / therapeutic use
  • Rheumatology


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antirheumatic Agents
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
  • Methotrexate