Experimental Evaluation of Suitability of Selected Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Methods for Large-Scale Agent-Based Simulations

PLoS One. 2016 Nov 2;11(11):e0165171. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165171. eCollection 2016.


Multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) can be formally implemented by various methods. This study compares suitability of four selected MCDM methods, namely WPM, TOPSIS, VIKOR, and PROMETHEE, for future applications in agent-based computational economic (ACE) models of larger scale (i.e., over 10 000 agents in one geographical region). These four MCDM methods were selected according to their appropriateness for computational processing in ACE applications. Tests of the selected methods were conducted on four hardware configurations. For each method, 100 tests were performed, which represented one testing iteration. With four testing iterations conducted on each hardware setting and separated testing of all configurations with the-server parameter de/activated, altogether, 12800 data points were collected and consequently analyzed. An illustrational decision-making scenario was used which allows the mutual comparison of all of the selected decision making methods. Our test results suggest that although all methods are convenient and can be used in practice, the VIKOR method accomplished the tests with the best results and thus can be recommended as the most suitable for simulations of large-scale agent-based models.

MeSH terms

  • Decision Making*
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Humans
  • Models, Economic

Grant support

This work was supported by the Grantová Agentura České Republiky (GAČR) scientific project GA15-11724S DEPIES—Decision Processes in Intelligent Environments. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.