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Review
, 30 (5), 332-341

The Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery for Chinese Obesity in 2 Years: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

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Review

The Effectiveness of Bariatric Surgery for Chinese Obesity in 2 Years: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

Tianshu Zeng et al. J Invest Surg.

Abstract

Aim: Bariatric surgery is becoming an acceptable option for treatment of obesity worldwide, but there is no systemic review and meta-analysis focusing on obese patients in China. This study is to quantify the overall effects of bariatric surgery for Chinese obesity using up-to-date, comprehensive data.

Methods: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and CNKI databases in English and Chinese. The weighted mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated from the original literature. Obese Chinese adults (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2) with a minimum six-month follow-up were included.

Results: The meta-analysis included 23 literature reviews with 1,316 morbidly Chinese obese adults. Bariatric surgery could significantly decrease the levels of BMI (MD = 10.75 kg/m2, 95% CI: 8.65-12.85, p <.01) and hemoglobin A1c (MD = 2.15%, 95% CI: 1.55-2.75, p <.00001), and improve lipid profile dramatically. In the subgroup analysis by BMI values, subjects lost more weight in BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 group (MD = 14.01 kg/m2, 95% CI: 11.20-16.82) than BMI < 40 kg/m2 group (MD = 8.09 kg/m2, 95% CI: 6.49-9.68, p <.00001) after surgery. When we stratified analysis by surgical procedures, fasting blood glucose decreased more in gastric bypass group (MD = 3.08 mmol/L, 95% CI: 2.18-3.98) than restrictive procedures (MD = 1.27 mmol/L, 95% CI: 0.45-2.09, p =.008) and postprandial blood glucose levels (gastric bypass procedures: 8.44 mmol/L, 95% CI: 6.83-10.04; restrictive procedures: MD = 2.80 mmol/L, 95% CI: 1.86-3.74, p <.00001).

Conclusions: Bariatric surgery provides substantial metabolic effects for Chinese morbid obese adults at least in a relative short term. Further high-quality randomized controlled trials with long follow-up periods are needed to provide more reliable evidence.

Keywords: Chinese; bariatric surgery; meta-analysis; obesity.

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