[Insomnia Between Neuro- and Social Sciences - A Psycho-Socio-Somatic Outview]

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2016 Oct;84(S 02):S74-S76. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-113958. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
[Article in German]


Insomnia is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders throughout Europe. It is associated with a number of health-relevant problems including an increased risk of psychiatric and organic disorders. A variety of organic, social and psychological risk factors takes part in the genesis of these sleep disturbances. A key component of the pathophysiology is the multifaceted hyperarousal that is expressed in the cognitive, emotional, neuronal, neuroendocrine, the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, and further neurovegetative domains. Recent studies document in addition to identified risk factors for insomnia a number of protective factors that are relevant for the individual as well as society.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neurosciences*
  • Psychiatry / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / physiopathology
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / psychology*
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / therapy*
  • Social Sciences*