Given the low detection rates of CSF IgG-Oligoclonal bands (IgG-OCB) in non-European Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients and higher specificity of the MRZH-reaction, we evaluated whether associating MRZH-reaction to CSF IgG-OCB detection improved investigation of suspected MS. Paired CSF and sera were analyzed for IgG-OCB and polyspecific viral antibodies. IgG-OCB were detected in 72% of MS patients and an MRZH-reaction in 67%. Combining IgG-OCB and MRZH raised detection of IgG abnormalities to 97% of studied MS patients. Detection of IgG-OCB and/or ≥2 MRZH antibodies showed sensitivity of 88% and specificity of 92% for MS, versus 72% and 96% for IgG-OCB alone.
Keywords: Brazil; Cerebrospinal Fluid; Intrathecal synthesis; Multiple Sclerosis; Oligoclonal bands; Polyspecific antibodies.
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