Is media information that smoking causes illness a self-fulfilling prophecy?

Psychol Rep. 1989 Aug;65(1):177-8. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1989.65.1.177.


Of 528 men, those 72 who derived information from the media, showed a lower rate of survival, i.e., more deaths from cancer, coronary heart disease, etc. Stress increased by constant repetition of evil consequences of smoking might constitute a self-fulfilling prophecy.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health*
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Mass Media*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects*