MicroRNA-107 is downregulated and having tumor suppressive effect in breast cancer by negatively regulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor

J Gene Med. 2017 Dec;19(12). doi: 10.1002/jgm.2932.


Background: In the present study, we investigated the possible tumor suppressive effect of microRNA-107 (miR-107) in human breast cancer.

Methods: Gene expression of miR-107 in breast cancer cell lines and clinical breast tissues was evaluated by a quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). MiR-107 was stably overexpressed in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells via lentiviral transduction. Its role in regulating in vitro cancer proliferation, cell cycle, invasion and in vivo tumor growth was evaluated by MTT, flow cytometry, transwell and in vivo tumorigenicity assays, respectively. Association of miR-107 and its downstream target, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), was evaluated by luciferase assay and qRT-PCR. BDNF was further upregulated in miR-107-overexpressed MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells to evaluate its role in regulating breast cancer with respect to in vitro proliferation, cell cycle and invasion.

Results: MiR-107 was markedly downregulated in both breast cancer cell lines and breast tumors. MiR-107 overexpression was markedly suppressed with respect to in vitro breast cancer proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion, as well as with respect to in vivo development of breast cancer xenograft. BDNF was found to be the downstream target of miR-107 in breast cancer. BDNF upregulation functionally facilitated in vitro proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion in miR-107-overexpressed breast cancer cells.

Conclusions: MiR-107 is downregulated and has a tumor suppressive effect in breast cancer, likely through regulation via its inverted downstream target of BDNF.

Keywords: BDNF; breast cancer; in vitro cancer assay; in vivo tumorigenicity; miR-107; qRT-PCR.

MeSH terms

  • 3' Untranslated Regions / genetics
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / genetics*
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation / genetics
  • Down-Regulation*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Humans
  • MCF-7 Cells
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transplantation, Heterologous


  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • MIRN107 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs