Secreted hormones play pivotal roles in tissue cross talk to maintain physiologic blood glucose and lipid levels. We previously showed that C1q/TNF-related protein 12 (CTRP12) is a novel secreted protein involved in regulating glucose metabolism whose circulating levels are reduced in obese and insulin-resistant mouse models. Its role in lipid metabolism, however, is unknown. Using a novel heterozygous mouse model, we show that the loss of a single copy of the Ctrp12 gene (also known as Fam132a and adipolin) affects whole body lipid metabolism. In Ctrp12 (+/-) male mice fed a control low-fat diet, hepatic fat oxidation was upregulated while hepatic VLDL-triglyceride secretion was reduced relative to wild-type (WT) littermates. When challenged with a high-fat diet, Ctrp12 (+/-) male mice had impaired lipid clearance in response to acute lipid gavage, reduced hepatic triglyceride secretion, and greater steatosis with higher liver triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Unlike male mice, Ctrp12 (+/-) female mice fed a control low-fat diet were indistinguishable from WT littermates. When obesity was induced by high-fat feeding, Ctrp12 (+/-) female mice developed mild insulin resistance with impaired insulin tolerance. In contrast to male mice, hepatic triglyceride secretion was increased in Ctrp12 (+/-) female mice fed a high-fat diet. Thus, in different dietary and metabolic contexts, loss of a single Ctrp12 allele affects glucose and lipid metabolism in a sex-dependent manner, highlighting the importance of genetic and environmental determinants of metabolic phenotypes.
Keywords: adipokine; diabetes; lipid metabolism; obesity; triglyceride secretion.
Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.