Robotic versus Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for Morbid Obesity: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Obes Surg. 2017 Jan;27(1):245-253. doi: 10.1007/s11695-016-2444-1.


We aim to review the available literature on obese patients treated with robotic or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, in order to compare the clinical outcomes and intraoperative parameters of the two methods. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library and EBSCOhost databases, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria incorporating 29,787 patients. Robotic sleeve gastrectomy (RSG) technique showed significantly higher mean operative time and increased length of hospital stay. Post-operative incidence of leakage, wound infection and bleeding, along with weight reduction, were comparable. The majority of the studies assessing charges found increased cost in RSG population. Well-designed, randomized controlled studies, comparing RSG to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), are necessary to assess further their clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness.

Keywords: Laparoscopic; Obesity; Robotic; Sleeve gastrectomy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Gastrectomy / economics
  • Gastrectomy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / economics
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Length of Stay
  • Obesity, Morbid / economics
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Operative Time
  • Postoperative Period
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / economics
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss