Therapeutic strategy for functional tricuspid regurgitation in patients undergoing mitral valve repair for severe mitral regurgitation

Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 15;227:803-807. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.10.056. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine optimal patient selection and selection of a prosthetic ring size for tricuspid valve (TV) repair at the time of mitral valve (MV) repair.

Methods: We prospectively enrolled 167 consecutive patients undergoing MV repair. TV repair was indicated if patients had at least one of the following conditions representing tricuspid annular dilatation: (1) tricuspid regurgitation (TR)≥moderate, (2) history of right heart failure, (3) atrial fibrillation, and (4) pulmonary hypertension. The size of the ring was targeted to a normal-sized systolic tricuspid annuls in relation to the patient's body surface area (BSA). Serial echocardiographic studies were performed preoperatively, at discharge, and at 1, 3, and 5years postoperatively.

Results: Overall, 100 (60%) patients required TV repair, while it was not indicated for 67 (40%) patients. During follow-up, 26 patients showed progression or recurrent TR≥moderate. The TR grade at 5years after MV surgery was 0.8±0.9 in patients with TV repair and 0.9±0.7 in those without TV repair (P=0.69). There were no significant differences between patients with and without TV repair in a composite endpoint of death from any cause, re-do MV or TV surgery, and recurrence or progression of TR≥moderate (P=0.46).

Conclusions: Patient selection for TV repair considering not only the grade of TR but clinical signs representing tricuspid annular dilatation is feasible at the time of MV repair. TV repair targeting a normal systolic size in relation to the BSA is a simple and reproducible procedure.

Keywords: Mitral valve surgery; Tricuspid regurgitation; Tricuspid valve.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve / surgery
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / surgery*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / surgery*