Background: The aim of this study was to determine optimal patient selection and selection of a prosthetic ring size for tricuspid valve (TV) repair at the time of mitral valve (MV) repair.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled 167 consecutive patients undergoing MV repair. TV repair was indicated if patients had at least one of the following conditions representing tricuspid annular dilatation: (1) tricuspid regurgitation (TR)≥moderate, (2) history of right heart failure, (3) atrial fibrillation, and (4) pulmonary hypertension. The size of the ring was targeted to a normal-sized systolic tricuspid annuls in relation to the patient's body surface area (BSA). Serial echocardiographic studies were performed preoperatively, at discharge, and at 1, 3, and 5years postoperatively.
Results: Overall, 100 (60%) patients required TV repair, while it was not indicated for 67 (40%) patients. During follow-up, 26 patients showed progression or recurrent TR≥moderate. The TR grade at 5years after MV surgery was 0.8±0.9 in patients with TV repair and 0.9±0.7 in those without TV repair (P=0.69). There were no significant differences between patients with and without TV repair in a composite endpoint of death from any cause, re-do MV or TV surgery, and recurrence or progression of TR≥moderate (P=0.46).
Conclusions: Patient selection for TV repair considering not only the grade of TR but clinical signs representing tricuspid annular dilatation is feasible at the time of MV repair. TV repair targeting a normal systolic size in relation to the BSA is a simple and reproducible procedure.
Keywords: Mitral valve surgery; Tricuspid regurgitation; Tricuspid valve.
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