Epigenetic inactivation of the p53-induced long noncoding RNA TP53 target 1 in human cancer

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Nov 22;113(47):E7535-E7544. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1608585113. Epub 2016 Nov 7.


Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulators of cellular homeostasis. However, their contribution to the cancer phenotype still needs to be established. Herein, we have identified a p53-induced lncRNA, TP53TG1, that undergoes cancer-specific promoter hypermethylation-associated silencing. In vitro and in vivo assays identify a tumor-suppressor activity for TP53TG1 and a role in the p53 response to DNA damage. Importantly, we show that TP53TG1 binds to the multifaceted DNA/RNA binding protein YBX1 to prevent its nuclear localization and thus the YBX1-mediated activation of oncogenes. TP53TG1 epigenetic inactivation in cancer cells releases the transcriptional repression of YBX1-targeted growth-promoting genes and creates a chemoresistant tumor. TP53TG1 hypermethylation in primary tumors is shown to be associated with poor outcome. The epigenetic loss of TP53TG1 therefore represents an altered event in an lncRNA that is linked to classical tumoral pathways, such as p53 signaling, but is also connected to regulatory networks of the cancer cell.

Keywords: DNA methylation; cancer; epigenetics; long noncoding RNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Methylation
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Down-Regulation
  • Epigenesis, Genetic
  • HCT116 Cells
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Prognosis
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*
  • Y-Box-Binding Protein 1 / genetics
  • Y-Box-Binding Protein 1 / metabolism*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • TP53 protein, human
  • TP53TG1 protein, human
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Y-Box-Binding Protein 1
  • YBX1 protein, human