Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of sleep on osteoporosis.
Methods: The study used a baseline examination of the Hiroshima Sleep and Healthcare study, which was a cross-sectional and cohort study that addressed the association of sleep habits with lifestyle-related diseases. A total of 1032 participants (25-85 years of age) who underwent health examinations were included. Sleep habits, including its timing (bed time), quantity (time in bed [TIB]), and quality, were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The bone stiffness index (SI), a marker of osteoporosis, was measured using quantitative ultrasound systems.
Results: Bed time (r = 0.065, p <0.05), TIB (r = -0.064, p <0.05), and global PSQI score (r = -0.126, p <0.0001) significantly correlated with SI. Multiple regression analyses revealed that after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and alcohol intake, the global PSQI score (β = -0.053, p <0.05) was significantly associated with SI, whereas bed time or TIB was not. Among each component of PSQI, sleep disturbances (β = -0.084, p <0.005) were significantly associated with SI.
Conclusion: Poor sleep quality may be associated with osteoporosis. In particular, increased sleep disturbances may be a key factor in the association between poor sleep quality and osteoporosis.
Keywords: Osteoporosis; Sleep habits; Sleep quality.
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