Ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs) are among the most toxic agents known. More than a dozen clinical trials against refractory cancers have been initiated using modified RIPs with impressive results. However, dose-limiting toxicity due to vascular leak syndrome limits success of the therapy. We have previously reported some tight-binding transition state analogues of Saporin L3 that mimic small oligonucleotide substrates in which the susceptible adenosine has been replaced by a 9-deazaadenyl hydroxypyrrolidinol derivative. They provide the first step in the development of rescue agents to prevent Saporin L3 toxicity on non-targeted cells. Here we report the synthesis, using solution phase chemistry, of these and a larger group of transition state analogues. They were tested for inhibition against Saporin L3 giving Ki values as low as 3.3 nM and indicating the structural requirements for inhibition.
Keywords: Aza-sugar; Oligonucleotide; Ribosome inactivating protein; Saporin; Transition state inhibitor.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.