Regulatory T cells and their potential for tolerance induction in haemophilia A patients

Hamostaseologie. 2016 Nov 8;36(Suppl. 2):S5-S12.


FVIII inhibitors still are the major concern in treatment of haemophilia A patients by FVIII replacement therapy. Immune tolerance induction to reverse inhibitor formation fails in about 30% of treated patients. These patients face increased morbidity and mortality producing a need for new therapy strategies in the treatment of FVIII inhibitor-positive patients. Regulatory T cells are important modulators of the immune response and are also involved in the immune response to FVIII in haemophilia A patients. Additionally, regulatory T cells have been shown to play a role in tolerance induction induced by multiple experimental treatment regimes. This review summarises the current knowledge on the role of regulatory T cells in the immune response to FVIII and tolerance induction strategies. Additionally, possible ways to engineer regulatory T cells as therapeutic agent in haemophilia A and current challenges of regulatory T cell therapies are discussed.

Keywords: Haemophilia A; regulatory T cells; tolerance.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Factor VIII / immunology*
  • Factor VIII / therapeutic use
  • Hemophilia A / drug therapy
  • Hemophilia A / immunology*
  • Hemophilia A / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Immune Tolerance / immunology*
  • Immunologic Memory / drug effects
  • Immunologic Memory / immunology
  • Models, Immunological*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / drug effects
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / pathology


  • F8 protein, human
  • Factor VIII