Trends in COPD morbidity and mortality in Tecumseh, Michigan

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Sep;140(3 Pt 2):S42-8. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/140.3_Pt_2.S42.


Trends in COPD morbidity and mortality were investigated among the population of Tecumseh, Michigan, for the period 1959 to 1987. COPD was mentioned on the death certificates of 11% (102) of deceased men and 13% (24) of deceased women. Forty-one percent of these deaths was attributed to COPD as the underlying cause and the remainder to COPD as a contributory cause. Usage of diagnostic terms changed during the course of the study; emphysema was mentioned on 81% of certificates completed prior to 1968, whereas COPD was entered on 77% of the certificates written after 1978. Proportional mortality rates of COPD increased from 8% during 1959 to 1967 to 13.3% during 1979 to 1987 among men, and from 2.7% during the earlier years to 4.3% during the later years among women. Death rates for COPD and for all causes combined increased among men from the early 1960s to the late 1970s, then declined. Death rates for all causes combined were stable among women, but COPD death rates may have increased. Prevalence rates for chronic bronchitis were lower at the third examination than at the second in both sexes. Prevalence of obstructive airway disease was highest at the first and lower at the second and third examinations in men but not in women. Agreement between study diagnoses of COPD and entry of COPD on death certificates was poor. COPD was recorded on the death certificate for only 21% of men and only 6% of women who had COPD diagnosed at a study examination.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / diagnosis
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / epidemiology*
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / mortality
  • Male
  • Michigan
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking