Ndrg1b and fam49ab modulate the PTEN pathway to control T-cell lymphopoiesis in the zebrafish

Blood. 2016 Dec 29;128(26):3052-3060. doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-09-742502. Epub 2016 Nov 8.


During hematopoiesis, the balance between proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis is tightly regulated in order to maintain homeostasis. Failure in these processes can ultimately lead to uncontrolled proliferation and leukemia. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is one of the molecular pathways involved in this balance. By opposing PI3-kinases, PTEN inhibits proliferation and promotes differentiation and is thus considered a tumor suppressor. Indeed, PTEN is frequently mutated in many cancers, including leukemias. Loss of PTEN often leads to lymphoid cancers. However, little is known about the molecular events that regulate PTEN signaling during lymphopoiesis. In this study, we used zebrafish to address this. We report that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1b (ndrg1b) rescues lymphoid differentiation after PTEN inhibition. We also show that a previously uncharacterized gene, fam49ab, inhibits T-cell differentiation, a phenotype that can be rescued by ndrg1b We propose that ndrg1b and fam49ab are 2 new modulators of PTEN signaling that control lymphoid differentiation in the zebrafish thymus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / drug effects
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / metabolism
  • Hematopoiesis / drug effects
  • Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lymphopoiesis* / drug effects
  • Morpholinos / pharmacology
  • Multigene Family
  • Mutation / genetics
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase / metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • T-Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Thymocytes / drug effects
  • Thymocytes / metabolism
  • Thymus Gland / metabolism
  • Zebrafish / embryology
  • Zebrafish / metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins / metabolism*


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Morpholinos
  • N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 protein
  • Zebrafish Proteins
  • RAG-1 protein
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase