Psychosocial interventions for use in pediatric primary care: An examination of providers' perspectives

Fam Syst Health. 2016 Dec;34(4):414-423. doi: 10.1037/fsh0000233. Epub 2016 Nov 10.


Introduction: The integration of psychosocial interventions in primary care settings is 1 mechanism to increase access to mental health care to youth in need. Although the delivery of psychosocial interventions by primary care providers (PCPs) reflects 1 example of this integration, research indicates that various barriers to implementation by PCPs exist. With the goal of informing a framework to guide the selection of treatments amenable to PCP practice, the authors sought to examine which criteria might influence a PCP's intention to use a given psychosocial intervention.

Method: Using survey methodology, 49 PCPs ranked characteristics of interventions for feasibility and applicability to their patient populations and setting.

Results: Survey respondents found the following characteristics most important: time to employ, applicability to multiple disorders, ease of use, and ease of learning. Providers who endorsed more negative beliefs and attitudes toward addressing psychosocial concerns in youth were more likely to see certain criteria, such as ease of use and ease of learning, as more important.

Discussion: The authors illustrate the potential application of these findings to the selection of psychosocial interventions for use in primary care and discuss future research directions. (PsycINFO Database Record

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility / standards
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nurse Practitioners / psychology
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Perception*
  • Physicians, Primary Care / psychology*
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / trends*
  • Primary Health Care / methods*
  • Psychometrics / instrumentation
  • Psychometrics / methods
  • Surveys and Questionnaires