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Review
. 2016;39(6):2439-2450.
doi: 10.1159/000452512. Epub 2016 Nov 11.

Cell-Derived Microparticles in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Review

Cell-Derived Microparticles in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sheyu Li et al. Cell Physiol Biochem. .
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Abstract

Background/aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between circulating cell-derived microparticles (MPs) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: A literature search was performed systematically in PubMed and Embase to identify available case-control or cross-sectional studies that compared different types of cell-derived MPs in patients with T2DM and non-diabetic controls. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) of each MP type were pooled using meta-analysis.

Results: Forty-eight studies involving 2,460 patients with T2DM and 1,880 non-diabetic controls were included for systematic review and 34 of which were included for quantitative study by meta-analysis. In the overall analysis, the levels of circulating total MPs (TMPs), platelet-derived MPs (PMPs), monocyte-derived MPs (MMPs) and endothelium-derived MPs (EMPs) were significantly higher in T2DM patients than those in controls (TMPs: SMD, 0.64; 95%CI, 0.12∼1.15; P=0.02; PMPs: SMD, 1.19; 95%CI, 0.88∼1.50; P <0.00001; MMPs: SMD, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.66∼1.17; P <0.00001; EMPs: SMD, 0.73; 95%CI, 0.50∼0.96; P <0.00001). Meanwhile, no significant difference was shown in leukocyte-derived MPs (LMPs) level between diabetic and non-diabetic groups (SMD, 0.37; 95%CI, -0.15∼0.89; P=0.17).

Conclusions: The counts of TMPs, PMPs, MMPs and EMPs elevated in patients with T2DM. And cell-derived MPs may play a role in the pathogenesis of T2DM.

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