Adherence to treatment regimen and bleeding rates in a prospective cohort of youth and young adults on low-dose daily prophylaxis for severe hemophilia A

BMC Hematol. 2016 Nov 8;16:26. doi: 10.1186/s12878-016-0067-3. eCollection 2016.


Background: When availability and/or affordability of anti-hemophilic factor concentrates are limited, optimal prophylaxis regimens in severe hemophilia A (HA) remain to be determined. In selected situations, low-dose daily prophylaxis (LDDP) may be an effective and economical option. The goal of our study was to evaluate if subjects on a LDDP regimen could achieve adherence and good clinical outcome.

Methods: Seventeen subjects (age between 15.2 and 28.4) on LDDP suffering from severe/moderate HA were followed prospectively for 2 to 3 years as part of a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) study. Bleeding and treatments data were collected using electronic diaries and validated every three months. The SF-36 questionnaire was administered at the beginning of the study and then every 6 months until the end of the study.

Results: The subjects (mean age 22.0, median 21.9, standard deviation 4.06), were all from a single centre and on LDDP for at least 12 months as part of their routine care before entering the study. Fifteen subjects were prescribed a daily dose of 500 IU factor VIII (FVIII) and 2 subjects received 1000 IU FVIII per day, resulting into a median dose of 7.1 IU/kg/day (ranging from 4 to 13 IU/kg/day) and of 2591 IU/kg/year. Median adherence (the percentage of the prescribed daily dose received) was 84 % (mean 80 %, range 57 % to 94 %) throughout the study. Seventy-six bleeds in the 6 index joints and 51 other types of bleeds were observed throughout the study. The median annualized bleeding rate in joints (ABRjoints) was 0.7 and the median annualized bleeding rate for all bleeds (ABRall) was 1.6. The Physical Component and Mental Component Summary scores of SF-36, and the Hemophilia Joint Health Score were not significantly different over the course of the study (respective medians of 49.8, 52.4 and 16.0 at entry; vs. 52.5, 51.5 and 16.0 upon exit).

Conclusions: This prospective longitudinal study in youth and young adults shows that LDDP may be associated with low ABRs, adequate adherence and HRQoL comparable to previously reported.

Keywords: Adherence; Annualized bleeding rates; Daily dose; Health-related quality of life; Hemophilia A; Prophylaxis.