Contribution of Psychosocial Factors to Physical Activity in Women of Color in the Saving Lives Staying Active (SALSA) Study

J Aging Phys Act. 2017 Jul;25(3):351-359. doi: 10.1123/japa.2015-0239. Epub 2017 Jun 28.


Culturally appropriate, innovative strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in women of color are needed. This study examined whether participation in SALSA, an 8-week randomized, crossover pilot study to promote PA, led to improved psychosocial outcomes and whether these changes were associated with changes in PA over time. Women of color (N = 50) completed Internet-based questionnaires on PA, exercise self-efficacy, motivational readiness, stress, and social support at three time points. Women reported high socioeconomic status, decreases in exercise self-efficacy, and increases in motivational readiness for exercise and a number of stressful events (p < .05); changes in motivational readiness for exercise varied by group (p = .043). Changes in psychosocial factors were associated with increases in PA. Latin dance improved motivational readiness for PA. Future studies are needed to determine whether Latin dance improves other psychological measures and quality of life in women of color in an effort to increase PA and reduce health disparities.

Keywords: longitudinal study; minority health; motivation; physical activity; social norms.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Culturally Competent Care / methods*
  • Dance Therapy / methods*
  • Dancing / psychology
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Exercise / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / methods
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Minority Groups / psychology*
  • Minority Health / ethnology*
  • Motivation
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychology
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Support
  • Treatment Outcome