On pump versus off pump coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with end-stage renal disease and coronary artery disease - A nation-wide, propensity score matched database analyses

Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 15;227:529-534. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.10.108. Epub 2016 Nov 3.


Objective: The usage of on or off cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with coronary artery disease receiving coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery had been debated and had not yet been investigated thoroughly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to study cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality in these patients by using our National Health Insurance (NHI) database.

Method: By using our NHI ESRD claim database, we searched ESRD patients aged more than 18years, who received CABG and divided them into on pump and off pump groups. Baseline characteristics and underlying comorbidities were identified from the database. Propensity score (PS) method was used to match all the potential confounders between patients. Outcomes including mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke and repeat revascularization within 30days, 1year and whole follow-up period were also obtained.

Result: A total of 134,410 ESRD patients were identified in the database. We included 341 patients and 543 patients who received off pump and on pump CABG respectively. The hazard ratios of different outcomes at 30days, 1year and a median of 745days after CABG did not show significant different between on, or off pump groups before and after PS match.

Conclusion: ESRD patients with CAD undergoing either on pump or off pump CABG surgery showed similar outcomes in 30days, 1year and whole follow-up period.

Keywords: Coronary artery bypass grafting; Coronary artery disease; End-stage renal disease; Off pump; On pump.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass / methods
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass / mortality*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump / methods*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump / mortality
  • Coronary Artery Disease / diagnosis
  • Coronary Artery Disease / epidemiology*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / surgery*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Graft Rejection
  • Graft Survival
  • Hospital Mortality*
  • Humans
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Propensity Score
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Survival Analysis
  • Taiwan
  • Treatment Outcome