Introduction: Hyperglycemia can induce hemichorea-hemiballism, especially in elderly type II diabetics. CT and MRI findings include hyperdensity and T1-shortening in the contralateral lentiform nucleus, respectively. This study explores the associated imaging findings on T2*-based sequences.
Methods: Six patients with clinically documented hyperglycemia-induced hemichorea-hemiballism who had undergone MR imaging with a T2*-based sequence (T2* gradient echo or susceptibility-weighted imaging) were included in this retrospective case series.
Results: All six patients demonstrated T1-shortening contralateral to their hemichorea-hemiballism. T2*-based sequences demonstrated unilateral hypointense signal within the striatum in four patients. One patient had mild bilateral striatal hyperintensities, while another did not show significant signal changes.
Conclusion: It is important for the radiologist to be aware of the signal changes that can be seen on T2*-based sequences in hyperglycemia-induced hemochorea-hemiballism.
Keywords: Brain; MRI; Nonketotic hyperglycemia; SWI; T2*.
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