The DNA-binding box of human SPARTAN contributes to the targeting of Polη to DNA damage sites

DNA Repair (Amst). 2017 Jan;49:33-42. doi: 10.1016/j.dnarep.2016.10.007. Epub 2016 Oct 29.

Abstract

Inappropriate repair of UV-induced DNA damage results in human diseases such as Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), which is associated with an extremely high risk of skin cancer. A variant form of XP is caused by the absence of Polη, which is normally able to bypass UV-induced DNA lesions in an error-free manner. However, Polη is highly error prone when replicating undamaged DNA and, thus, the regulation of the proper targeting of Polη is crucial for the prevention of mutagenesis and UV-induced cancer formation. Spartan is a novel regulator of the damage tolerance pathway, and its association with Ub-PCNA has a role in Polη targeting; however, our knowledge about its function is only rudimentary. Here, we describe a new biochemical property of purified human SPARTAN by showing that it is a DNA-binding protein. Using a DNA binding mutant, we provide in vivo evidence that DNA binding by SPARTAN regulates the targeting of Polη to damage sites after UV exposure, and this function contributes highly to its DNA-damage tolerance function.

Keywords: DNA polymerase eta; Damage tolerance; SPARTAN; Translesion synthesis.

MeSH terms

  • DNA / metabolism*
  • DNA / radiation effects
  • DNA Damage*
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Ultraviolet Rays

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • SPRTN protein, human
  • DNA
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Rad30 protein