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, 11 (2), 209-215

Dynamic Changes in Helicobacter pylori Status Following Gastric Cancer Surgery

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Dynamic Changes in Helicobacter pylori Status Following Gastric Cancer Surgery

Kichul Yoon et al. Gut Liver.

Abstract

Background/aims: Helicobacter pylori eradication is recommended in patients with early gastric cancer. However, the possibility of spontaneous regression raises a question for clinicians about the need for "retesting" postoperative H. pylori status.

Methods: Patients who underwent curative gastrectomy at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and had a positive H. pylori status without eradication therapy at the time of gastric cancer diagnosis were prospectively enrolled in this study. H. pylori status and atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) histologic status were assessed pre- and postoperatively.

Results: One hundred forty patients (mean age, 59.0 years; 60.7% male) underwent subtotal gastrectomy with B-I (65.0%), B-II (27.1%), Roux-en-Y (4.3%), jejunal interposition (0.7%), or proximal gastrectomy (4.3%). Preoperative presence of AG (62.9%) and IM (72.9%) was confirmed. The mean period between surgery and the last endoscopic follow-up was 38.0±25.6 months. Of the 140 patients, 80 (57.1%) were found to be persistently positive for H. pylori, and 60 (42.9%) showed spontaneous negative conversion at least once during follow-up. Of these 60 patients, eight (13.3%) showed more complex postoperative dynamic changes between negative and positive results. The spontaneous negative conversion group showed a trend of having more postoperative IM compared to the persistent H. pylori group.

Conclusions: A high percentage of spontaneous regression and complex dynamic changes in H. pylori status were observed after partial gastrectomy, especially in individuals with postoperative histological IM. It is better to consider postoperative eradication therapy after retesting for H. pylori.

Keywords: Eradication; Helicobacter pylori; Postoperation.

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Flow chart of the Helicobacter pylori status of 140 patients with biopsy-confirmed stomach cancer. Every patient who underwent surgery was retested for Helicobacter pylori, postoperatively. HP, Helicobacter pylori; F/U, follow-up. *Dynamic changes between negative and positive H. pylori.

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