Coffee consumption and the occurrence and intensity of metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Jun;68(4):507-513. doi: 10.1080/09637486.2016.1256381. Epub 2016 Nov 14.


The objective of the study was to investigate associations between coffee consumption and the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in individuals with a normal BMI, as well in those who are overweight and obese. The analysis was based on the data of 10,367 participants. The studies included a questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurements and analyses of collected fasting-blood samples. In the overweight and obese participants, lower coffee consumption, compared with higher consumption was correlated with a significantly higher risk of abdominal obesity, hypertension, an abnormal glucose concentration, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and MetS (p < .05). In the participants with a normal BMI, lower coffee consumption was related to the abdominal obesity, HDL cholesterol and MetS (p < .05). Individuals with a normal BMI may react slightly differently to nutritional factors modifying metabolism such as coffee, compared with those with excessive body mass.

Keywords: BMI; Coffee consumption; metabolic syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coffee / adverse effects*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / etiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Overweight / metabolism


  • Coffee