Introduction: Dentifrices are available in different formulations and more commonly a single dentifrice is used by whole family; be it an adult or child. However, concerns over high fluoride in pediatric formulations coupled with inability of the children to spit have led to recommendations to minimize fluoride ingestion during toothbrushing by using a small amount of toothpaste by children and incorporating minimal quantity of fluoride in the toothpastes. Literature is scarce on the remineralization potential of popularly known Indian pediatric dentifrices; hence, pediatric dentifrices containing lesser concentration of fluoride have been marketed relatively recently for the benefit of children without posing a threat of chronic fluoride toxicity at the same time.
Aim and objectives: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the remineralization potential of three commercially available Indian pediatric dentifrices with different compositions on artificially induced carious lesions in vitro through scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Materials and methods: The present in vitro study was conducted on 45 sound extracted primary molar surfaces divided into three groups (15 each). Artificial demineralization was carried out, followed by remineralization using dentifrice slurry as per the group allocation. All the samples were studied for remineralization using SEM and the results statistically compared.
Results: All three dentifrices tested showed remineralization; although insignificantly different from each other but significantly higher compared to the demineralizing surface.
Conclusion: One can use pediatric dentifrices for preventing dental caries and decelerating lesion progression with an added advantage of lower fluoride toxicity risk.
How to cite this article: Kapoor A, Indushekar KR, Saraf BG, Sheoran N, Sardana D. Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of Three Pediatric Dentifrices. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(3):186-191.
Keywords: Dentifrices; Fluoride; Remineraliation..
Conflict of interest statement
Source of support: Nil Conflict of interest: None
Remineralization Potential of Three Tooth Pastes on Enamel CariesRK Singhal et al. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 5 (5), 664-666. PMID 28932310. - Case ReportsThe limitations of this study include, being a short term study, low sample size and in vitro experiment. incudent toothpaste has exhibited a higher remineralizing potent …
Remineralization Effects of Two Pediatric Dentifrices and One Regular Dentifrice on Artificial Carious Lesion in Primary Teeth: An in Vitro StudyS Advani et al. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 4 (2), 96-102. PMID 25254193.The pediatric dentifrices also showed remineralization with artificial carious lesions. Hence, we conclude that, this amount of remineralization was more or less, when co …
In Situ Clinical Effects of New Dentifrices Containing 1.5% Arginine and Fluoride on Enamel De- And Remineralization and Plaque MetabolismR Cantore et al. J Clin Dent 24 Spec no A, A32-44. PMID 24156138. - Randomized Controlled TrialIn Study 1, the percent mineral changes were +18.64, +16.77, +4.08, and -24.95 for the 1.5% arginine/Dical/1450 ppm fluoride, the 1.5% arginine/calcium carbonate/1450 ppm …
In Vitro Remineralization of Enamel Subsurface Lesions and Assessment of Dentine Tubule Occlusion From NaF Dentifrices With and Without CalciumAR Prabhakar et al. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 31 (1), 29-35. PMID 23727740. - Randomized Controlled TrialWithin the limitations of our study, sodium fluoride showed relatively greatest remineralizing and dentinal tubule occlusion property when compared with GC MI paste plus …
Recent Advances in Dental Hard Tissue Remineralization: A Review of LiteratureMK Arifa et al. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 12 (2), 139-144. PMID 31571787. - ReviewArifa MK, Ephraim R, et al. Recent Advances in Dental Hard Tissue Remineralization: A Review of Literature. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2019;12(2):139-144.
Cited by 2 PubMed Central articles
Interproximal Caries and Premature Tooth Loss in Primary Dentition as Risk Factors for Loss of Space in the Posterior Sector: A Cross-Sectional StudySE Lucas-Rincón et al. Medicine (Baltimore) 98 (11), e14875. PMID 30882692.Dental caries-a highly prevalent public health problem in preschoolers and school children-is the main cause of premature dental loss during childhood, and this may be re …
Remineralizing Effectiveness of Calcium Sucrose Phosphate and Fluoride Dentifrices: An In vitro StudyTM Titty et al. Contemp Clin Dent 9 (2), 276-282. PMID 29875573.Sodium monofluorophosphate, amine fluoride-containing dentifrices, and calcium sucrose phosphate with inorganic amorphous calcium phosphate-containing dentifrice were fou …
- Walsh T, Worthington HV, Glenny AM, Appelbe P, Marinho VC, Shi X. Fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;20:CD007868. - PubMed
- Dirks OB. Post-eruptive changes in dental enamel. J Dent Res. 1966 May;45(Suppl 3):503–511.
- White DJ. Reactivity of fluoride dentifrices with artificial caries. Effects on subsurface lesions: fluoride uptake, fluoride distribution, surface hardening and remineralisation. Caries Res. 1988;22(1):27–36. - PubMed
- Itthagarun A, Wei SH. Analysis of fluoride ion concentrations and in vitro fluoride uptake from different commercial dentifrices. Int Dent J. 1996 Aug;46(4):357–361. - PubMed
- Levy SM, Kohout FJ, Kiritsy MC, Heilman JR, Wefel JS. Infants’ fluoride ingestion from water, supplements and dentifrice. J Am Dent Assoc. 1995 Dec;126(12):1625–1632. - PubMed