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Review
, 9 (3), 186-191

Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of Three Pediatric Dentifrices

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Review

Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of Three Pediatric Dentifrices

Ashna Kapoor et al. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent.

Abstract

Introduction: Dentifrices are available in different formulations and more commonly a single dentifrice is used by whole family; be it an adult or child. However, concerns over high fluoride in pediatric formulations coupled with inability of the children to spit have led to recommendations to minimize fluoride ingestion during toothbrushing by using a small amount of toothpaste by children and incorporating minimal quantity of fluoride in the toothpastes. Literature is scarce on the remineralization potential of popularly known Indian pediatric dentifrices; hence, pediatric dentifrices containing lesser concentration of fluoride have been marketed relatively recently for the benefit of children without posing a threat of chronic fluoride toxicity at the same time.

Aim and objectives: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the remineralization potential of three commercially available Indian pediatric dentifrices with different compositions on artificially induced carious lesions in vitro through scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Materials and methods: The present in vitro study was conducted on 45 sound extracted primary molar surfaces divided into three groups (15 each). Artificial demineralization was carried out, followed by remineralization using dentifrice slurry as per the group allocation. All the samples were studied for remineralization using SEM and the results statistically compared.

Results: All three dentifrices tested showed remineralization; although insignificantly different from each other but significantly higher compared to the demineralizing surface.

Conclusion: One can use pediatric dentifrices for preventing dental caries and decelerating lesion progression with an added advantage of lower fluoride toxicity risk.

How to cite this article: Kapoor A, Indushekar KR, Saraf BG, Sheoran N, Sardana D. Comparative Evaluation of Remineralizing Potential of Three Pediatric Dentifrices. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(3):186-191.

Keywords: Dentifrices; Fluoride; Remineraliation..

Conflict of interest statement

Source of support: Nil Conflict of interest: None

Figures

Figs 1A to C
Figs 1A to C
Demineralizing procedure (A) Sectioned tooth surface divided into three equal parts; (B) two-third of the tooth surface suspended in demineralizing solution using dental floss; and (C) rinsing with double-distilled water
Figs 2A to C
Figs 2A to C
Remineralizing procedure (A) one-third of the tooth surface suspended in respective dentifrice slurry; (B) rinsing with double-distilled water; and (C) one-third of the tooth surface suspended in commercially available artificial saliva
Figs 3A to C
Figs 3A to C
Scanning electron microscopy (A) Samples mounted on the metal stub; (B) gold sputtering unit; and (C) samples after gold sputtering

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