A Genome-Wide Transcriptional Analysis of Yeast-Hyphal Transition in Candida tropicalis by RNA-Seq

PLoS One. 2016 Nov 16;11(11):e0166645. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166645. eCollection 2016.


Candida tropicalis is considered as the leading pathogen in nosocomial fungemia and hepatosplenic fungal infections in patients with cancer, particularly in leukemia. The yeast-filament transition is required for virulent infection by Candida. Several studies have explored the genome-wide transcription profile of Candida, however, no report on the transcriptional profile of C. tropicalis under yeast-filament transition has been published. In this study, the transcriptomes of three C. tropicalis isolates with different adhesion and biofilm formation abilities, identified in our previous studies, were analyzed in both the yeast and filament states using RNA-Seq. Differentially expressed genes were found for each isolate during the transition. A total of 115 genes were up- or down- regulated in the two hyphal-producing isolates (ZRCT 4 and ZRCT 45). Among these differentially expressed genes, only two were down-regulated during the yeast-filament transition. Furthermore, six filament-associated genes were up-regulated in the hyphae-producing isolates. According to Candida Hypha Growth Database established in this study, 331 hyphae- related genes were discovered in C. tropicalis. ALS1 and ALS3 were down-regulated and up-regulated, respectively, during filamentous growth of C. tropicalis. These findings proved a better understanding of gene expression dynamics during the yeast-filament transition in C. tropicalis.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing / genetics
  • Candida tropicalis / genetics*
  • Candida tropicalis / isolation & purification
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Gene Ontology
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Genome, Fungal*
  • Hyphae / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA / methods*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • RNA, Messenger

Grant support

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Youth Project no. 81301409), the National Key Technology Support Program (grant no. 2012BAI11B05), and the National Sci-Tech Key Project (grant no. 2013ZX10004203-002).