An Inter-Laboratory Comparison of Different Analytical Methods for the Determination of Monomethylmercury in Various Soil and Sediment Samples: A Platform for Method Improvement

Chemosphere. 2017 Feb;169:32-39. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.129. Epub 2016 Nov 14.


An inter-laboratory study was conducted to compare results from different analytical methods for monomethylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in 17 soil and sediment samples. The samples were collected from mercury-contaminated areas, including Minamata Bay and Kagoshima Bay in Japan, the Idrija mercury mine in Slovenia, and an artisanal small-scale gold mining area in Indonesia. The Hg in these samples comes from several different sources: industrial waste from an acetaldehyde production facility, volcanic activity, Hg mining activity, and artisanal and small-scale gold mining activity (ASGM). MeHg concentrations in all the samples were measured in four separate laboratories, using three different determination methods: Kagoshima University (Japan), using high-performance liquid chromatography-chemiluminescence detection (HPLC-CL); National Institute for Minamata Disease (Japan), using gas chromatography-electron capture detection; and Metropolitan Council Environmental Services (USA) and Jozef Stefan Institute (Slovenia), both using alkylation-gas chromatography-atomic fluorescence spectrometry detection. The methods gave comparable MeHg results for most of the samples tested, but for some samples, the results exhibited significant variability depending on the method used. The HPLC-CL method performed poorly when applied to samples with elevated sulfur concentrations, producing MeHg concentrations that were much lower than those from the other methods. Additional analytical work demonstrated the elimination of this sulfur interference when the method was modified to bind sulfur prior to the analytical step by using Hg2+ as a masking agent. These results demonstrate the value of laboratory intercomparison exercises in contributing to the improvement of analytical methods.

Keywords: Inter-laboratory study; Monomethylmercury; Sediment; Soil.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Fractionation / methods
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Gold / analysis
  • Indonesia
  • Industrial Waste / analysis
  • Japan
  • Mercury / analysis
  • Methylmercury Compounds / analysis*
  • Methylmercury Compounds / chemistry
  • Mining
  • Slovenia
  • Soil / chemistry
  • Soil Pollutants / analysis*
  • Soil Pollutants / chemistry


  • Industrial Waste
  • Methylmercury Compounds
  • Soil
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Gold
  • Mercury