Who Are Gynandromorphophilic Men? An Internet Survey of Men with Sexual Interest in Transgender Women

Arch Sex Behav. 2017 Jan;46(1):255-264. doi: 10.1007/s10508-016-0872-6. Epub 2016 Nov 17.


Gynandromorphophilia (GAMP) is attraction to gynandromorphs (GAMs), who are natal males with both breasts and a penis, colloquially known as "she-males." Men with GAMP (n = 314) and heterosexual men not attracted to GAMs (n = 211) completed an Internet survey regarding their sexual attraction patterns, relationship history, and potential correlates of GAMP. Men with GAMP reported much higher attraction to natal women than to men, although they also reported slightly higher levels of bisexual feelings compared with controls. Men with GAMP were equally attracted to natal women and GAMs, on average. Thus, GAMP is best considered an unusual form of heterosexuality rather than a separate sexual orientation. Indeed, men with GAMP scored much higher than controls on a measure of autogynephilia, or sexual arousal by the idea or fantasy of being a woman, which is also considered a variant of heterosexual attraction.

Keywords: Autogynephilia; Gynandromorphophilia; Paraphilia; Sexual identity; Sexual orientation; Transgender.

MeSH terms

  • Fantasy
  • Female
  • Heterosexuality* / psychology
  • Heterosexuality* / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transgender Persons* / psychology
  • Transgender Persons* / statistics & numerical data