Phospholipid bilayer affinities and solvation characteristics by electrokinetic chromatography with a nanodisc pseudostationary phase

Electrophoresis. 2017 Mar;38(5):738-746. doi: 10.1002/elps.201600381. Epub 2016 Dec 14.


Phospholipid bilayer nanodiscs composed of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and synthetic maleic acid-styrene copolymer belts have been introduced as a pseudostationary phase (PSP) in electrokinetic chromatography and demonstrated good performance. The nanodiscs provide a suitable migration range and high theoretical plate counts. Using this nanodisc pseudostationary phase, the affinity of the bilayer structure for probe solutes was determined and characterized. Good correlation is observed between retention factors and octanol water partition coefficients for particular categories of solutes, but the general correlation is weak primarily because the nanodiscs show stronger affinity than octanol for hydrogen bond donors. This suggests that a more appropriate application of this technology is to measure and characterize interactions between solutes and lipid bilayers directly. Linear solvation energy relationship analysis of the nanodisc-solute interactions in this study demonstrates that the nanodiscs provide a solvation environment with low cohesivity and weak hydrogen bond donating ability, and provide relatively strong hydrogen bond acceptor strength.

Keywords: DMPC; Electrokinetic chromatography; Linear solvation energy relationships; Nanodisc; Phospholipid bilayer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Capillary / methods*
  • Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine / chemistry
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Lipid Bilayers / chemistry*
  • Nanostructures / chemistry*
  • Phospholipids / chemistry*


  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Phospholipids
  • Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine