Real-world clinical experience in the Connect ® chronic lymphocytic leukaemia registry: a prospective cohort study of 1494 patients across 199 US centres

Br J Haematol. 2016 Dec;175(5):892-903. doi: 10.1111/bjh.14332. Epub 2016 Nov 8.

Abstract

The clinical course of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is heterogeneous, and treatment options vary considerably. The Connect® CLL registry is a multicentre, prospective observational cohort study that provides a real-world perspective on the management of, and outcomes for, patients with CLL. Between 2010 and 2014, 1494 patients with CLL and that initiated therapy, were enrolled from 199 centres throughout the USA (179 community-, 17 academic-, and 3 government-based centres). Patients were grouped by line of therapy at enrolment (LOT). We describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of, and practice patterns for, patients with CLL enrolled in this treatment registry, providing patient-level observational data that represent real-world experiences in the USA. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses were performed on 49·3% of patients at enrolment. The most common genetic abnormalities detected by FISH were del(13q) and trisomy 12 (45·7% and 20·8%, respectively). Differences in disease characteristics and comorbidities were observed between patients enrolled in LOT1 and combined LOT2/≥3 cohorts. Important trends observed include the infrequent use of genetic prognostic testing, and differences in patient characteristics for patients receiving chemoimmunotherapy combinations. These data represent experiences of patients with CLL in the USA, which may inform treatment decisions in everyday practice.

Keywords: Connect® CLL Registry; chemoimmunotherapy; chronic lymphocytic leukaemia; patient characteristics; practice patterns.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell* / diagnosis
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell* / genetics
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell* / pathology
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell* / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult