A clinicopathologic study of extraventricular neurocytoma

J Neurooncol. 2017 Mar;132(1):75-82. doi: 10.1007/s11060-016-2336-1. Epub 2016 Nov 18.


In 2007, extraventricular neurocytoma was classified as a separate entity among glioneuronal tumors. However, extraventricular neurocytoma is not fully understood and may be misdiagnosed. Here, we describe the clinical and pathological features, prognoses, and treatments of 13 extraventricular neurocytoma cases, and compare their immunophenotypes with those of oligodendroglioma, diffuse astrocytoma, and ependymoma. Six typical and 7 atypical cases comprised the 13 extraventricular neurocytoma cases. Histological features included oligodendroglioma-like perinuclear halo, neuropil-like matrix, ganglion or ganglioid cells, perivascular pseudorosettes, vessel hyalinization, calcifications, and myxoid degeneration. Atypical histological features included increased mitotic figures, focal necrosis, endothelial cell proliferation, and/or a Ki-67 index of >2%. All lesions expressed synaptophysin and microtubule-associated protein-2, which distinguished them from other similar tumors. Two patients with atypical extraventricular neurocytoma had tumor recurrence, one of whom had cerebrospinal fluid dissemination, suggesting that atypical histological features might represent adverse prognostic factors. In conclusion, the present study identified morphological and immunohistochemical features that would aid the differential diagnosis of extraventricular neurocytoma. In addition, radiotherapy with subtotal resection could be considered an effective treatment for extraventricular neurocytoma, but because a pediatric patient died of intracranial hemorrhage during radiotherapy, radiotherapy-related side effects should be considered, especially when treating children. Additional cases with long-term follow-up are needed to develop optimal management protocols for extraventricular neurocytoma.

Keywords: Extraventricular neurocytoma; Glioma; Glioneuronal tumor; Immunohistochemistry; Neurocytoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Astrocytoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Astrocytoma / metabolism
  • Astrocytoma / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Ependymoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Ependymoma / metabolism
  • Ependymoma / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neurocytoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Neurocytoma / metabolism
  • Neurocytoma / pathology*
  • Oligodendroglioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Oligodendroglioma / metabolism
  • Oligodendroglioma / pathology
  • Young Adult