Purpose: To determine whether statin therapy is associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac regression after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
Materials and methods: A total of 109 patients treated with EVAR were retrospectively analyzed (no-statin group, n = 45; statin group, n = 64). The primary endpoint was the incidence of AAA sac regression. To investigate independent predictors of AAA sac regression, regression analysis was performed. The mean age was 74 years (range, 55-90 y), and 87.2% of patients were men.
Results: The no-statin group had higher rates of AAA sac regression than the statin group at 1 year (no-statin group, 66.7%; statin group, 45.3%; P = .028). The incidence of AAA sac regression increased over time in the statin group, and no statistical difference was seen between the two groups at 2 years (no-statin group, 66.7%; statin group, 57.8%; P = .350). The difference between the changes in maximum AAA diameter was significant between groups at 1 year (no-statin group vs statin group, -4.9 mm ± 5.9; P = .041), but the difference did not reach statistical significance at 2 years (no-statin group, -10.0 mm ± 10.1; statin group, -8.0 mm ± 9.6; P = .306). Statin therapy was not associated with AAA sac regression on univariate (odds ratio [OR], 0.685; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.310-1.516; P = .351) and multivariate analyses (OR, 0.617; 95% CI, 0.215-1.772; P = .369).
Conclusions: Statin therapy had no effect on AAA sac regression at 2 years. There is insufficient evidence to recommend statin therapy for AAA sac regression.
Copyright © 2016 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.