Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Executive summary for the update of an ASTRO Evidence-Based Consensus Statement

Pract Radiat Oncol. 2017 Mar-Apr;7(2):73-79. doi: 10.1016/j.prro.2016.09.007. Epub 2016 Sep 17.


Purpose: To update the accelerated partial breast irradiation Consensus Statement published in 2009 and provide guidance on use of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) for partial breast irradiation in early-stage breast cancer, based on published evidence complemented by expert opinion.

Methods and materials: A systematic PubMed search using the same terms as the original Consensus Statement yielded 419 articles; 44 articles were selected. The authors synthesized the published evidence and, through a series of conference calls and e-mails, reached consensus regarding the recommendations.

Results: The new recommendations include lowering the age in the "suitability group" from 60 to 50 years and in the "cautionary group" to 40 years for patients who meet all other elements of suitability (Table 1). Patients with low-risk ductal carcinoma in situ, as per Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 9804 criteria, were categorized in the "suitable" group. The task force agreed to maintain the current criteria based on margin status. Recommendations for the use of IORT for breast cancer patients include: counseling patients regarding the higher risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence with IORT compared with whole breast irradiation; the need for prospective monitoring of long-term local control and toxicity with low-energy radiograph IORT given limited follow-up; and restriction of IORT to women with invasive cancer considered "suitable."

Conclusion: These recommendations will provide updated clinical guidance regarding use of accelerated partial breast irradiation for radiation oncologists and other specialists participating in the care of breast cancer patients.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brachytherapy / methods*
  • Brachytherapy / standards*
  • Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / radiotherapy*
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / radiotherapy*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mastectomy, Segmental
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy
  • Patient Selection*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prospective Studies
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • United States