Purpose: To develop an efficient 31 P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) method for measuring creatine kinase (CK) activity, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis, and motion dynamics in the human brain at 7 Tesla (T).
Methods: Three band inversion modules differing in center frequency were used to induce magnetization transfer (MT) effect in three exchange pathways: (i) CK-mediated reaction PCr → γ-ATP; (ii) de novo ATP synthesis Pi → γ-ATP; and (iii) ATP intramolecular 31 P-31 P cross-relaxation γ-(α-) ↔ β-ATP. The resultant MT data were analyzed using a 5-pool model in the format of magnetization matrix according to Bloch-McConnell-Solomon formalism.
Results: With a repetition time (TR) of 4 s, the scan time for each module was approximately 8 min. The rate constants were kPCr → γATP 0.38 ± 0.02 s-1 , kPi → γATP 0.19 ± 0.02 s-1 , and σγ(α) ↔ βATP 0.19 ± 0.04 s-1 , corresponding to ATP rotation correlation time τc (0.8 ± 0.2) ·10-7 s. The T1 relaxation times were Pi 7.26 ± 1.76 s, PCr 5.99 ± 0.58 s, γ-ATP 0.98 ± 0.07 s, α-ATP 0.95 ± 0.04 s, and β-ATP 0.68 ± 0.03 s.
Conclusion: Short-TR band inversion modules provide a time-efficient way of measuring brain ATP metabolism and could be useful in studying metabolic disorders in brain diseases. Magn Reson Med 78:1657-1666, 2017. © 2016 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
Keywords: 31P MRS; ATP; human brain; inversion transfer; magnetization transfer; relaxation time.
© 2016 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.