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Review
, 114 (6), 570-575

Micronutrients and Neurodevelopment: An Update

[Article in English, Spanish]
Affiliations
Review

Micronutrients and Neurodevelopment: An Update

[Article in English, Spanish]
Horacio F González et al. Arch Argent Pediatr.

Abstract

Micronutrients make up the central nervous system structure and play major functional roles: they stimulate nerve cell development, migration, and differentiation. The goal of this study is to review the scientific literature regarding the role of micronutrients in infant brain structure and function. Thus, we aim at providing pediatricians with knowledge on the importance of introducing all nutrients into the diet based on breast milk composition. The following databases were reviewed: MEDLINE, through PubMed, TRIP Database, and LILACS. An adequate nutrient supply, including calcium, copper, choline, iron, folic acid, iodine, and vitamins during pregnancy and lactation and in complementary feeding will have an effect on brain development and/or function.

Los micronutrientes se incorporan a la estructura del sistema nervioso central y cumplen importantes roles funcionales: estimulan el desarrollo, la migración y la diferenciación de las células nerviosas. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar la literatura científica sobre el rol de los micronutrientes en el desarrollo de la estructura y función cerebral infantil. De esta manera, se busca aportar al pediatra mayor conocimiento sobre la importancia de la incorporación equilibrada de todos los nutrientes bajo el hilo conductor de la composición de la leche humana. Fueron revisadas las bases de datos de MEDLINE vía PubMed, TRIP database y LILACS. Un adecuado aporte de micronutrientes, como calcio, cobre, colina, cinc, hierro, ácido fólico, iodo y vitaminas, durante el embarazo, la lactancia y la alimentación complementaria impactará sobre el desarrollo cerebral y/o su funcionamiento.

Keywords: Breast milk; Infant neurodevelopment; Micronutrients; Nutrition; Pregnancy.

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