A Commentary highlighting the progress that sex-based data and research have made in neuroscience and the complexities that research has revealed thus far. Basic and preclinical neuroscientific research that considers sex as a biological variable will continue to build on the foundation of knowledge that has been started by multiple predecessors. The expansion of knowledge in preclinical neuroscience that integrates the study of both sexes will have a significant role in informing clinical trial design. We applaud the efforts of the editors and authors who have contributed to this issue. Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Keywords: biological variable; preclinical research; reproducibility; sex-based data; women's health.
Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.