Reproductive processes, in particular events that concern pregnancy, are fine-tuned to produce offspring. Reproductive success is of prime importance for the survival of every species. The highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed serum glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) was first implicated in infertility as a regulator of a Na+ channel. In this review, we emphasize the prominent role of SGK1 during early pregnancy: 1) balancing uterine luminal fluid secretion and reabsorption to aid blastocyst adhesion and to import nutrients and energy; 2) transducing signals from the blastocyst to the receptive endometrium; 3) inducing multiple genes that are involved in uterine receptivity and trophoblast invasion; 4) regulating cell differentiation and antioxidant defenses at the fetomaternal interface; and 5) contributing to the proliferation and survival of decidual stromal cells. Accordingly, SGK1 coordinates many cellular processes that are crucial to reproductive activities. Aberrant expression or function of SGK1 results in implantation failure and early pregnancy loss. Further investigation of the molecular mechanisms of the function of SGK1 might provide novel diagnostic tools and interventions for reproductive complications.-Lou, Y., Hu, M., Mao, L., Zheng, Y., Jin, F. Involvement of serum glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 in reproductive success.
Keywords: SGK1; embryo implantation; endometriosis; infertility; spontaneous abortion.